The myth of a god  born in the darkness,  in a cave, was already known to the people of  the pre-Christian world. On December 25 they celebrated the birth of Mitra, the god of the celestial light, the keeper of the truth. In the carved images Mitra is represented like a master who teaches the childllike Sun to understand the right direction of its celestial travel that it had to be regular and without confusion. In the myth Mitra makes the Sun to go up on a chariot in order to show Him the right way to ride in sky and letting the Night behind. In the Greek mythology the keepers of the Sun were the Erinni, the maidens of Justice. For the ancient people it was important that in every day the cycle of the Sun had its regular cadences from dawn to sunset.

In Mindanao, in the epic song “Olaging, the Battle of Nalandangan”, during the creation of the earth the tribals of Bukidnon describe the men arriving  from East, where the Sun is born, and going where the Sun sets down, indicating also the two ends of the life, birth and death. Animal symbol of the sun, in some Philippine etnic groups, is the rooster and the “sarimanok”, its stylied design, that represents the sun as well, is usually placed on the top of the roof of the houses or on the prows of the boats. Bruno Bottignolo, in its book “Celebrations With the Sun”, speaks about the great rituals of the rising of the sun among the Badjaos, usually celebrated in their boat-houses and forehead to the Umboh, the Wall, where the Sun recreates every day the cosmic woven. Obviously many places and sacred buildings, rectangular or lengthened in shape, were, and are still, arrange on the East-West (birth and death) axis. The sun also appears in the Philippine flag. Originally it was the mythical sun with eyes, eyelashes, nose and mouth. Today it is a yellow circle with eight beams or tips that remember the first 8 provinces that, during the revolt of the Katipuneros, rebelled to the Spanish. There is who, like senator Dick Gordon, who would want to add to a ninth beam representative the fight of independence of the Muslims from the colonial government.

Lastly the catholic birth of the Sun, Jesus Christ himself introduced by the Spanish centuries ago. Officially begins December 16 with the Christmas Novena, called, depending where it is celebrated, Misa de Gallo (Rooster), Simbang Gabi or Misa de Aguinaldo. Nine holy masses all beginning in the still deep and dark night and ending at the first twilights of the rising Sun.

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